Sunday, December 22, 2013

Military Monday~ Battle Of Trafalgar

David Christian my 4th Great Grandfather a Private in the 130th Company of the Royal Marines, served 6 months before being discharged after the loss of  his left arm (from the elbow down) at the battle of Trafalgar. He was aboard the HMS Africa, a 64 gun third rate ship, one of  twelve ships in Admiral Nelsons "Weather Line".  The Africa under the command of Captain Henry Digby had drifted north during the night of October 20th 1805 and on the morning of the battle was unsupported and north of the Franco-Spanish fleet. Admiral Nelson signaled the Africa to increase speed and rejoin the fleet, whether Captain Digby choose to ignore the signal or did not see it seems to be undecided, but the Africa attacked alone from the North making his way along the Franco~Spanish line,exchanging broadsides with various ships.
 In the book  "The Trafalgar Captains: Their Lives and Memorials, Colin White wrote this about Digby and the HMS Africa " Although one of the smallest battleships present at the action, she played one of the most remarkable and courageous rolls in the battle."  
The Africa sustained heavy damage in the battle, 8 men died and 44 were wounded.  David Christian received £ 40 from Lloyd s Patriotic Fund for his wounds and was discharged at Chatham on the 2nd day of March 1806.

No. 311 
By Lieut General John Barclay
Commanding the Division of Royal Marines at Chatham.
ADM 73/5/117
These are to certify,  That the Bearer David Christian a Private in the Hundred and Thirtieth  Company, hath served honestly, and faithfully for the space of six months, but having lost his left hand by gun shot wound he is hereby discharged from any further service in the said Corps or Company, having first received all his pay, Arrears of pay, clothing, and all other Demands whatsoever, with Twenty-one days pay to carry him home, as appears by the Receipt at the back hereof, and in consideration of his  loss as above stated he is recommended as a fit  object to receive his majesty s bounty of Greenwich Hospital.  And to prevent any ill use which may be made of this Discharge, by its falling into the hands of any other person whatsoever, here follows am exact description of the said David Christian he is aged 26 years five feet Eight inches high Swarthy complexion Dark hair Hazel eyes. Given under my hand and Divisional Seal, at the Royal Marine Barracks, Chatham, the Second Day of March 1806  John Barclay

Monday, December 16, 2013

Madness Monday~ Brentwood Asylum

London, England, Selected Poor Law Removal and Settlement Records, 1828-1930 
           Reference Number: POBG/129/08

In the matter of Sarah Christian a Lunatic Pauper, aged 70 years
The Examination of EDWIN KEIGHT, Clerk to the Clerk  to the Guardians of the WEST HAM Poor Law Union, in the County of Essex,  taken on oath before us, the undersigned, two of Her Majesty's Justice of the Peace,  acting together, in and for the said County of Essex, this 5th day of August, in the year of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Ninety Seven; touching the Lunacy, Chargeability, and place of the last legal settlement of Sarah Christian aged 70 years or thereabouts, a Pauper Lunatic; upon the complaint and application of the Guardians of the Poor of the WEST HAM Poor Law Union, in the said County, made unto is the said Justices,  That the said Pauper Lunatic has become, and now is actually chargeable to the said WEST HAM Union, and that she was, under and by virtue of an order in such case made and provided, conveyed as a Pauper Lunatic from the said Union to the Lunatic Asylum, for the County of Essex, at Brentwood, where she was received, and hath ever since been and still is confined as a pauper Lunatic, at the expense, cost, and charge of the said WEST HAM Poor Law Union.

And I the Said EDWIN KEIGHT, upon my oath, say that I am Clerk to the Clerk to the Guardians of the WEST HAM Poor Law Union, in the County of Essex. That by a certain order (made in pursuance of and in strict conformity with the provisions of the Statues in such case made and provided) bearing date the 26th day of August, 1896, directed to the Superintendent of the Public Lunatic Asylum for the County of Essex, at Brentwood, in the said County, whereby he was required to receive into the said Asylum as a Patient, the said Sarah Christian the Pauper Lunatic; and subjoined to which said order is the necessary and certificate, as required by law.

And I say that Sarah Christian the therein-named Pauper  Lunatic, was before and at the time of making the same order chargeable to the WEST HAM Poor Law Union, in the said County of Essex, and by virtue of which said order the Pauper Lunatic was duly conveyed to said Asylum.

Click to Enlarge
 and was then and there received as a patient, and hath ever since been and still is therein confined as a Lunatic at the expense, cost, and charge of the said WEST HAM Poor Law Union, And that the said Pauper Lunatic is not settled in the said WEST HAM Poor Law Union, neither is she irremovable therefrom.

And I further say that the said Guardians of the Poor of the WEST HAM Poor Law Union have incurred, or paid the of two pounds five shillings and seven pence, in and about the examination of the said Pauper Lunatic, and in conveying her to the said Asylum. And they have also incurred, or paid to the Treasure of the said Asylum, the further sum of twenty two pounds eighteen shilling ans eight pence, up to the 5th day of August for the lodging, maintenance, medicine, clothing, and care of the said Pauper Lunatic in the said Asylum, and which amount has been incurred within Twelve Calendar Months next before the day of date hereof.

And I further say that the sum of Fourteen shillings  __ pence, weekly is the sum now fixed by the Committee of  Visitors of the said Asylum to be paid for the future lodging, maintenance, medicine, clothing, and care of the said Lunatic.

And I have been informed and I verily believe the same to be true. That the said Sarah Christian is the lawful wife of Samuel Christian. That prior to February 1896 the said Samuel Christian resided for the term of three years at 77 and  24 St. Leonard Street in the parish, Hamlet, or Township of Bromley St Leonard in the Poplar Union, in such manner, and under such circumstances, in each of such years, as would in accordance with the several statutes in that behalf, render him irremovable therefrom and settled therein.

Signed Edwin Keight

The photo below shows that Sarah Received a visit from her oldest daughter, Sarah Ellis in September 1897.

I have been spending a lot of time searching for a record of death on Sarah Christian nee Fish who is my Great Great Great Grandmother (maternal)  her trail went cold after the 1891 West Ham Census where she is living at 14 Florence Rd. with her husband Samuel, daughter Emily and visiting Grand daughter (my great Aunt) Jane Matilda Allen, but last week I stumbled upon the Poor Law Removal and settlement records for 1897 showing Sarah was admitted to the Brentwood Lunatic Asylum and now my head is filled with so many questions, why was she sent there? was she actually insane or was it something else? did she die there? Was her daughter Sarah Ellis the only person to ever visit?

And so my search continues for answers to these new questions about my 3rd Great Grandmother.

Used With Permission: Warley Hospital, formerly Brentwood Asylum

Tuesday, December 03, 2013

Tombstone Tuesday~ Alice Mary Allen 1885~1928

Alice Mary Allen: Prospect Cemetery,Toronto Canada Sec 21 Lot 558S

In Loving Memory Of
Alice Mary Mason
Beloved Wife Of
James R Mason
Died Dec 23 1928
Aged 43 Years
Rest In Peace

Alice Mary Allen Cocklin Mason, my Maternal Great Grandmother  the daughter of William Allen and Mary Ann Christian born in Bromley By Bow, London, England in 1885. Alice left England in 1912 with her first husband Daniel Cocklin and their children to make a new home in Canada and to join Alice's younger sister Jane Matilda Allen Copperthwaite  who had made the journey 2 years earlier with her family. 
Daniel Cocklin died in 1919 from injuries received fighting the war.  Alice married James Richard Mason in 1924, they had one son, Jame Richard Mason Jr.

According the the Office records of Prospect  Cemetery Richard R. Mason (date of death Dec 28 1933) and Henry(Harry) Thomas Cocklin Mason (date of death Aug 29 1936) are also buried in the lot with her.

Sunday, December 01, 2013

Church Record Sunday~ 1778 Parish Church of Tarves

PATERSON, MARGARET (O.P.R. Births 243/00 0010 0303 TARVES

Paterson: Aug 6 William Paterson in Cairnbrogie had a daughter baptized and named Margaret, Will Reid and Chas Watson witnesses.

Margaret Paterson my 4 Great Grandmother, daughter of William Paterson and Mary Smith ( yes another Smith line) was baptized in the Parish Church of Tarves, Aberdeen, Scotland on 6th day of August 1778.

The witnesses were William Reid and Charles Watson, Charles Watson is my 5th Great Grandfather and would later become the father in law of Margaret when she would marry his son James sometime around the early 1800's.